Located in Maras, the Moray Ruins are one of the many important, off-the-beaten archaeological sites left behind by the Inca Empire. Made up of beautiful concentric terraces, dug into a deep bowl, it resembles an amphitheater made with the land. Believed to have been an agricultural laboratory for the Incas, these circular platforms are fascinating and mesmerizing.
Known to have been way past their time in different fields of science, it is thought that the Moray ruins were used as an agricultural research station. Each of the platforms served to recreate a series of microclimates and temperatures that were made possible through the arrangement, depth and positioning of the different platforms. Through this, they were able to achieve a difference of up to 59º F (15º C) from the deepest point to the highest point. With these varying temperatures spread across the terraces, the Incas would test different types of wild vegetation, and modify crops to make them suitable for human consumption. Also through the different microclimates, they were able to gain knowledge to later apply throughout the different regions of the Inca Empire. Studies were made of the terraces and evidence shows that the soils were imported from different regions, which further supports the theory of the platforms being used as a testing ground.
Another interesting feat of Moray is that it never floods. Archaeologists suggest that there is an underground drainage system that the Incas built before the terraces to allow the water to drain, protecting the vegetation that were planted. This further showcases the forward thinking and planning behind each Inca creation.